The following is a list of notable world figures who died on August 31st.

  1. 651 - Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and missionary
  2. 1056 - Theodora, Byzantine Empress (b. 981)
  3. 1234 - Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
  4. 1372 - Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301)
  5. 1422 - King Henry V of England (b. 1387)
  6. 1645 - Francesco Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566)
  7. 1654 - Ole Worm, Danish physician (b. 1588)
  8. 1688 - John Bunyan, English writer (b. 1628)
  9. 1730 - Gottfried Finger, Czech composer (b. 1660?)
  10. 1741 - Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681)
  11. 1772 - William Borlase, English naturalist (b. 1695)
  12. 1782 - George Croghan, American colonist
  13. 1795 - François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player (b. 1726)
  14. 1799 - Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  15. 1814 - Arthur Phillip, British admiral, first Governor of New South Wales (b. 1738)
  16. 1867 - Charles Baudelaire, French poet (b. 1821)
  17. 1888 - Mary Ann "Polly" Nichols, widely believed to be the first victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1845)
  18. 1920 - Wilhelm Wundt, German psychologist (b. 1832)
  19. 1941 - Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (b. 1892)
  20. 1952 - Henri Bourassa, French Canadian political leader (b. 1868)
  21. 1963 - Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)
  22. 1967 - Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  23. 1969 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923)
  24. 1973 - John Ford, American film director (b. 1894)
  25. 1978 - John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  26. 1979 - Sally Rand, American dancer and actress (b. 1904)
  27. 1985 - Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  28. 1986 - Henry Moore, English sculptor (b. 1898)
  29. 1986 - Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland (b. 1900)
  30. 1997 - Diana, Princess of Wales (b. 1961)
  31. 1997 - Dodi Fayed, Egyptian-born film producer (b. 1955)
  32. 2002 - Lionel Hampton, American vibraphone player (b. 1908)
  33. 2002 - George Porter, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  34. 2004 - Carl Wayne, English singer (b. 1943)
  35. 2005 - Joseph Rotblat, Polish-British physicist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1908)
  36. 2005 - Michael Sheard, British actor (b. 1940)
  37. 2006 - Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian soccer player (b. 1983)