Reading disorder is a learning disorder that involves significant impairment of reading accuracy, speed, or comprehension to the extent that the impairment interferes with academic achievement or activities of daily life. People with reading disorder perform reading tasks well below the level one would expect on the basis of their general intelligence, educational opportunities, and physical health. Reading disorder is most commonly called dyslexia. Dyslexia, however, usually includes deficits in spelling and writing as well as reading.

  1. Common characteristics of children with reading disorder include:
  2. difficulty identifying single words
  3. problems understanding the sounds in words, sound order, or rhymes
  4. problems with spelling
  5. transposing letters in words
  6. omitting or substituting words
  7. poor reading comprehension
  8. slow reading speed (oral or silent).
  9. In addition to these symptoms, children with reading disorder often have other delays or learning problems. These include:
  10. delays in spoken language
  11. confusion with directions, or right/left-handedness
  12. confusion with opposites (up/down, early/late)
  13. mathematics disorder
  14. disorder of written expression.