Renal transplant failure is a term used to describe when a person's kidneys stop working properly during transplantation. Renal failure can be divided into two categories: chronic renal failure, and acute renal failure.

  1. The symptoms of kidney failure vary widely by cause of the kidney failure, severity of the condition, and the other body systems that are affected.
  2. Most people have no symptoms at all in the early stages of the disease, because the kidneys are able to compensate so well for the early impairments in the their function. Others have symptoms that are mild, subtle, or vague.
  3. Generally, obvious symptoms appear only when the condition has become severe or even critical.
  4. Kidney failure is not painful, even when severe, although there may be pain from damage to other systems.
  5. Some types of kidney failure cause fluid retention. However, severe dehydration (fluid deficiency) can also cause kidney failure.
  6. Fluid retention - Puffiness, swelling of arms and legs, shortness of breath (due to fluid collection in the lungs, called pulmonary edema).
  7. Dehydration - Thirst, rapid heart rate (tachycardia), dry mucous membranes (such as inside the mouth and nose), feeling weak or lethargic.
  8. Other common symptoms of kidney failure and end-stage renal disease include the following:
  9. Urinating less than usual
  10. Urinary problems - Frequency, urgency
  11. Bleeding - Due to impaired clotting, from any site
  12. Easy bruising
  13. Fatigue
  14. Confusion
  15. Nausea, vomiting
  16. Loss of appetite
  17. Pain - In the muscles, joints, flanks, chest
  18. Bone pain or fractures
  19. Itching
  20. Pale skin (from anemia)