Social phobia (also sometimes called social anxiety) refers to an intense fear of being in social situations. The fear is so intense that someone with social phobia will avoid these situations whenever possible.

  1. Cognitive aspects - In cognitive models of social anxiety, social phobics experience dread over how they will be presented to others.
  2. Behavioral aspects - Social anxiety disorder is a persistent fear of one or more situations in which the person is exposed to possible scrutiny by others and fears that he or she may do something or act in a way that will be humiliating or embarrassing.
  3. Physiological aspects - Physiological effects, similar to those in other anxiety disorders, are present in social phobics. Faced with an uncomfortable situation, children with social anxiety may display tantrums, crying, clinging to parents, and shutting themselves out.