This list is from Overcoming Dyslexia, by Sally Shaywitz, MD. A noted researcher in neuroscience and a pediatrician, Dr Shaywitz is professor of pediatrics and codirector of the Yale Center for the Study of Learning and Attention. She is also a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. She hopes her book will be a “trusted source you can turn to for information, for advice, for guidance and for explanation.”

  1. Systematic and direct instruction in
  2. Phonemic awareness
  3. Phonics (specific letter/sound relationships)
  4. Sounding out words (decoding)
  5. Spelling regular words
  6. Reading and spelling sight words
  7. Vocabulary and concepts
  8. Reading comprehension strategies
  9. Practice of these skills
  10. Fluency training
  11. Enriched language experiences