1. Basic facts about the government of The Czech Republic and how it is organized.
  2. Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy
  3. Constitution: Ratified 16 December 1992, effective 1 January 1993
  4. Legal system: Civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes
  5. Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
  6. Chief of state: President Vaclav Klaus (since 7 March 2003)
  7. Head of government: Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek (since 4 September 2006)
  8. Cabinet: Appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
  9. Executive Branch Elections: President elected by Parliament for a five-year term (eligible for a second term
  10. Legislative Branch: Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (81 seats) and the Chamber of Deputies or Poslanecka Snemovna (200 seats).
  11. Legislative Branch Elections: Senate elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years. Chamber of Deputies members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms.
  12. Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court; Chairman and deputy chairmen are appointed by the president for a 10-year term.
  13. Political Parties: Association of Independent Candidates; Caucus Open Democracy; Christian Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party; Civic Democratic Alliance; Civic Democratic Party; Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia; Czech Social Democratic Party; European Democrats; Freedom Union-Democratic Union; Green Party; Independent Democrats; Open Democracy; Party of Open Society; Path of Change.