The following is a list of notable world figures who died on January 16.

  1. 1400 - John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (executed)
  2. 1545 - George Spalatin, German reformer (b. 1484)
  3. 1547 - Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)
  4. 1554 - Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist
  5. 1585 - Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
  6. 1659 - Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
  7. 1710 - Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
  8. 1711 - Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (b. 1651)
  9. 1747 - Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)
  10. 1748 - Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
  11. 1750 - Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshall (b. 1667)
  12. 1752 - Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)
  13. 1794 - Edward Gibbon, English historian (b. 1737)
  14. 1806 - William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
  15. 1809 - John Moore, British general (b. 1761)
  16. 1815 - Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Horatio Nelson (b. 1765)
  17. 1817 - Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman (b. 1759)
  18. 1834 - Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
  19. 1856 - Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
  20. 1865 - Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (b. 1828)
  21. 1891 - Léo Delibes, French composer (b. 1836)
  22. 1898 - Charles Pelham Villiers (b. 1802), longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons
  23. 1917 - George Dewey, U.S. admiral (b. 1837)
  24. 1919 - Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  25. 1924 - Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)
  26. 1936 - Albert Fish, American serial killer (b. 1870)
  27. 1942 - Carole Lombard, American actress (b. 1908)
  28. 1957 - Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor (b. 1867)
  29. 1962 - Ivan Meštrovic, Croatian sculptor (b. 1883)
  30. 1967 - Robert J. Van de Graaff, American nuclear physicist (b. 1901)
  31. 1969 - Jan Palach, Czech Freedom Fighter (b. 1948)
  32. 1971 - Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (b. 1890)
  33. 1972 - Ross Bagdasarian, American actor (b. 1919)
  34. 1979 - Ted Cassidy, American actor (b. 1932)
  35. 1979 - August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (b. 1897)
  36. 1981 - Bernard Lee, English actor (b. 1908)
  37. 1982 - Red Smith, American sports columnist (b. 1905)
  38. 1986 - Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
  39. 1988 - Ballard Berkeley, English actor (b. 1904)
  40. 1988 - Andrija Artukovic, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
  41. 1995 - Eric Mottram, English poet, teacher, critic, and editor (b. 1924)
  42. 1997 - Ennis Cosby, son of entertainer Bill Cosby (murdered)
  43. 2000 - John Rankin, musical entertainer (b. 1959)
  44. 2001 - Laurent-Désiré Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1939)
  45. 2002 - Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)
  46. 2002 - Eddie Meduza, Swedish composer (b. 1948)
  47. 2002 - Bobo Olson, American boxer (b. 1928)
  48. 2002 - Ron Taylor, American actor (b. 1952)
  49. 2004 - Kalevi Sorsa, Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)
  50. 2005 - Marjorie Williams, American journalist (b. 1958)