The following is a list of notable world figures who died on January 1.

  1. 379 - Saint Basil of Caesarea (b. 330)
  2. 404 - Saint Telemachus
  3. 874 - Hasan al-Askari, eleventh Shia Imam (b. 846)
  4. 898 - Odo, Count of Paris (b. 860)
  5. 1204 - King Haakon III of Norway
  6. 1384 - King Charles II of Navarre (b. 1332)
  7. 1515 - King Louis XII of France (b. 1462)
  8. 1554 - Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (bc. 1500)
  9. 1559 - Christian III of Denmark and Norway (b. 1503)
  10. 1560 - Joachim Du Bellay, French poet (bc. 1522)
  11. 1617 - Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter (b. 1558)
  12. 1679 - Jan Steen, Dutch painter
  13. 1716 - William Wycherley, English dramatist (bc. 1640)
  14. 1730 - Samuel Sewall, English-born judge (b. 1652)
  15. 1742 - Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
  16. 1748 - Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1667)
  17. 1759 - Jacques-Joachim Trotti, marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer (b. 1705)
  18. 1766 - James Francis Edward Stuart, "The Old Pretender" (b. 1688)
  19. 1782 - Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735)
  20. 1789 - Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (b. 1716)
  21. 1793 - Francesco Guardi, Venetian painter (b. 1712)
  22. 1796 - Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)
  23. 1800 - Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French naturalist (b. 1716)
  24. 1817 - Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (b. 1743)
  25. 1862 - Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)
  26. 1869 - Martin W. Bates, U.S. Senator from Delaware (b. 1786)
  27. 1892 - Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  28. 1894 - Heinrich Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)
  29. 1912 - Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian phsyicist (b. 1866)
  30. 1919 - Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  31. 1921 - Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
  32. 1931 - Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
  33. 1933 - Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (b. 1876)
  34. 1944 - Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
  35. 1953 - Hank Williams, American singer (b. 1923)
  36. 1958 - Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
  37. 1960 - Margaret Sullavan, American actress (b. 1911)
  38. 1964 - Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon (b. 1890)
  39. 1971 - Saint Amphilochios, Ukrainian Orthodox Christian Saint (b. 1894)
  40. 1972 - Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888)
  41. 1981 - Beulah Bondi, American actress (b. 1888)
  42. 1982 - Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938)
  43. 1984 - Alexis Korner, British blues musician (b. 1928)
  44. 1985 - Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
  45. 1986 - Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
  46. 1992 - Grace Hopper, American computer pioneer (b. 1906)
  47. 1994 - Lord Arthur Espie Porritt, Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900)
  48. 1994 - Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907)
  49. 1995 - Fred West, British serial killer (suicide) (b. 1941)
  50. 1995 - Eugene Wigner, Hungarian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  51. 1996 - Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901)
  52. 1997 - Townes Van Zandt, American musician (b. 1944)
  53. 1998 - Helen Wills Moody, American tennis player (b. 1905)
  54. 2000 - Colin Vaughan, Australian-born political journalist
  55. 2001 - Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)
  56. 2002 - Julia Phillips, American film producer (b. 1944)
  57. 2003 - Joe Foss, American politician and fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  58. 2005 - Shirley Chisholm, American politician (b. 1924)
  59. 2005 - Hugh John Frederick Lawson, 6th Baron Burnham, British newspaperman (b. 1931)
  60. 2005 - Bob Matsui, American politician (b. 1941)
  61. 2005 - Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist (b. 1938)
  62. 2006 - Harry Magdoff, American magazine editor (b. 1913)
  63. 2006 - Bryan Harvey, American musician (b. 1956)