The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the Federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related illness and injury
- The Design of Tasks. Heavy workload, infrequent rest breaks, long work hours and shift work; hectic and routine tasks that have little inherent meaning, do not utilize workers' skills, and provide little sense of control.
- Management Style. Lack of participation by workers in decision- making, poor communication in the organization, lack of family-friendly policies.
- Interpersonal Relationships. Poor social environment and lack of support or help from coworkers and supervisors.
- Work Roles. Conflicting or uncertain job expectations, too much responsibility, too many "hats to wear."
- Career Concerns. Job insecurity and lack of opportunity for growth, advancement, or promotion; rapid changes for which workers are unprepared.
- Environmental Conditions. Unpleasant or dangerous physical conditions such as crowding, noise, air pollution, or ergonomic problems.