The term childhood disease is sometimes subjective, and does not refer to an accepted, categorical list. Nearly all the diseases in this list can also be contracted by adults, and, of course, all children can contract diseases not categorized as "childhood diseases".

  1. Candidiasis ("Thrush")
  2. Chicken pox
  3. Chagas disease
  4. Croup
  5. Cytomegalovirus (the virus most frequently transmitted before birth)
  6. Duchenne muscular dystrophy
  7. Measles
  8. Mumps
  9. Rheumatic fever
  10. Rubella
  11. Whooping cough
  12. fifth disease