1. Surgery to remove the tumor is the only way to cure the disease, and early detection is the best preparation for successful treatment. Depending on the stage of the cancer, surgery is generally followed with chemotherapy. If the tumor is particularly large, radiation may be necessary before or after surgery.
  2. Certain medications and/or supplements may help prevent the development of polyps and/or colorectal cancer. Modifying lifestyle, particularly avoiding red meat, losing weight, quitting smoking, and increasing physical activity, may help prevent the disease—even in individuals with a family history of the condition. Omega-3 fatty acids and plant chemicals called lignans, found in flaxseed and olive oil, show particular promise for reducing the risk of colorectal cancer and preventing the spread of the disease.