The risk factors and groups at increased risk of fire-related injuries and deaths include:

  1. Approximately half of home fire deaths occur in homes without smoke alarms (Ahrens 2004).
  2. Most residential fires occur during the winter months (CDC 1998).
  3. Alcohol use contributes to an estimated 40% of residential fire deaths (Smith 1999);
  4. Children 4 and under (CDC 1998);
  5. Older Adults ages 65 and older (CDC 1998);
  6. African Americans and Native Americans (CDC 1998);
  7. The poorest Americans (Istre 2001);
  8. Persons living in rural areas (Ahrens 2003);
  9. Persons living in manufactured homes or substandard housing (Runyan 1992; Parker 1993).