The risk factors and groups at increased risk of fire-related injuries and deaths include:
- Approximately half of home fire deaths occur in homes without smoke alarms (Ahrens 2004).
- Most residential fires occur during the winter months (CDC 1998).
- Alcohol use contributes to an estimated 40% of residential fire deaths (Smith 1999);
- Children 4 and under (CDC 1998);
- Older Adults ages 65 and older (CDC 1998);
- African Americans and Native Americans (CDC 1998);
- The poorest Americans (Istre 2001);
- Persons living in rural areas (Ahrens 2003);
- Persons living in manufactured homes or substandard housing (Runyan 1992; Parker 1993).