Methods to prevent insomnia are the same as those used to treat insomnia. The best prevention is to develop good sleep habits.

  1. The best way to prevent insomnia is to develop good sleep habits. This includes maintaining a regular and predictable sleep schedule. Substances known to cause insomnia, such as nicotine, caffeine and alcohol, should be avoided. Creation of a quiet, comfortable sleep environment is also useful. Regular exercise is important, but should not be done within 2 hours of going to bed. Quiet, relaxing activities before bedtime, such as reading, listening to music, or watching TV, can help. Using medications such as zolpidem, zaleplon, or temazepam to induce sleep should be considered a last resort. Long-term use of these medications can actually cause more sleep problems.