Prevention means avoiding the risk factors and increasing the protective factors that can be controlled so that the chance of developing cancer decreases.
- Because the exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, at this time it is not possible to prevent most cases of the disease. Many risk factors such as age, race, and family history cannot be controlled.
- Current information on prostate cancer risk factors, however, suggests that some cases might be prevented.
- Diet - You may be able to reduce your risk of prostate cancer by changing the way you eat.Eat 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day. Bread, cereals, grain products, rice, pasta, and beans are also recommended. These guidelines on nutrition may also lower the risk for some other types of cancer, as well as other health problems.
- Tomatoes (raw, cooked, or in tomato products such as sauces or ketchup), pink grapefruit, and watermelon are rich in lycopenes. These vitamin-like substances are antioxidants that help prevent damage to DNA and may help lower prostate cancer risk.
- Selenium, a mineral, may also lower risk. On the other hand, vitamin A supplements may actually raise prostate cancer risk.