Stroke can be prevented by following measures Do not smoke. Exercise regularly. Limit dietary intake of salt, alcohol, and saturated fat. Maintain body weight within an ideal range. Use airbags, seatbelts, and child safety seats in automobiles. Wear protective helmets when engaging in contact sports, horseback riding, or riding bicycles. People with hypertension or diabetes can reduce their risk for stroke by controlling their condition through proper medication and appropriate lifestyle modifications (e.g., regular exercise, weight loss).
- Antihypertensive agents: Reducing even mild to moderate blood pressure has been shown to lower the risk of stroke.
- Cholesterol lowering agents: These agents -- "statins" like Zocor, Lipitor, Lescol, Mevacor and Pravachol -- reduce the risk of stroke in people with existing coronary artery disease.
- Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (irregular heartbeat): The main goal of treatment for atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat) is to prevent blood clots from forming by first restoring and then maintaining normal heart rhythm.