The easiest way of preventing tetanus is by immunization.
- There are two important components of tetanus prevention:
- Tetanus immunization (receiving routine tetanus vaccinations) and what's known as post-exposure tetanus prophylaxis (receiving a shot after an injury occurs).
- For children, tetanus immunization is part of the DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis) vaccinations. Children typically receive a series of four doses of DTaP vaccine before 2 years of age, followed by a booster dose at 4 to 6 years of age.
- After that, a tetanus and diphtheria booster (Td) is recommended at 11 to 12 years of age, and then every 10 years through adulthood.
- Neonatal tetanus can be prevented by making sure that all pregnant women have had their tetanus immunizations and by delivering babies in sanitary conditions.