If it is not possible to limit exposure, earplugs or ear defenders should be worn.

  1. Limit or avoid exposure to loud noises, such as music, power tools, gunshots, and industrial machinery.
  2. Wear protective earplugs or earmuffs if you cannot avoid loud noises. Do not use wadded-up tissue or cotton balls.
  3. Be careful when using stereo headphones. If music is so loud that others can hear it clearly or you can't hear other sounds around you, the volume is too high.
  4. Cut back on or eliminate alcohol and beverages containing caffeine.
  5. Stop smoking and using smokeless tobacco products. Nicotine use may cause tinnitus by reducing blood flow to the structures of the ear.
  6. Exercise regularly. Exercise may prevent tinnitus because it improves blood flow to the structures of the ear.
  7. Maintain a healthy weight. Tinnitus occurs more frequently in obese adults.
  8. Add sources of vitamin B12 to your diet. Vitamin B12 helps the body produce a substance that protects the nerves in the inner ear, and some think it protects against tinnitus. Good sources of vitamin B12 include milk and dairy products, meat, and eggs.