If it is not possible to limit exposure, earplugs or ear defenders should be worn.
- Limit or avoid exposure to loud noises, such as music, power tools, gunshots, and industrial machinery.
- Wear protective earplugs or earmuffs if you cannot avoid loud noises. Do not use wadded-up tissue or cotton balls.
- Be careful when using stereo headphones. If music is so loud that others can hear it clearly or you can't hear other sounds around you, the volume is too high.
- Cut back on or eliminate alcohol and beverages containing caffeine.
- Stop smoking and using smokeless tobacco products. Nicotine use may cause tinnitus by reducing blood flow to the structures of the ear.
- Exercise regularly. Exercise may prevent tinnitus because it improves blood flow to the structures of the ear.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Tinnitus occurs more frequently in obese adults.
- Add sources of vitamin B12 to your diet. Vitamin B12 helps the body produce a substance that protects the nerves in the inner ear, and some think it protects against tinnitus. Good sources of vitamin B12 include milk and dairy products, meat, and eggs.