The goal of treatment is to control symptoms while the infection runs its course.

  1. Symptoms are treated according to their presence and severity. Antibiotics may be used to treat urinary tract infections. Medications, such as bethanechol, may reduce urinary retention. Analgesics are used to reduce headache, muscle pain, and spasms. Narcotics are not usually given because they increase the risk of breathing difficulty.
  2. Moist heat (heating pads, warm towels, etc.) may reduce muscle pain and spasm.
  3. Activity is limited only by the extent of discomfort and the extent of muscle weakness. Physical therapy, braces or corrective shoes, orthopedic surgery, or similar interventions may eventually be necessary to maximize recovery of muscle strength and function.