The treatment is related to the cause, if it can be determined. If there is an obvious physical or psychological cause, these are the main focus of treatment. Control ones environmental and lifestyle is also beneficial, factors such as too much light, noise, caffeine or other stimulants, or erratic hours of wakefulness should be addressed as part of the persons overall treatment plan.

  1. The following tips can help improve sleep.
  2. Use the bed only for sleep and sex
  3. Go to bed at the same time every night
  4. No daytime napping
  5. No caffeine, alcohol, or nicotine
  6. Eliminate the conditioned anxiety that comes with trying to sleep by reassuring yourself that you will sleep or distracting yourself
  7. Maintain comfortable sleeping conditions
  8. Eat at regular times daily (avoiding large meals near bedtime)
  9. Exercise early in the day
  10. Get out of bed if you are not asleep after 5-10 minutes and doing something else (going to another room may help reduce anxiety about falling asleep)
  11. Practice evening relaxation routines such as muscle relaxation or meditation
  12. If the above recommendations are followed and the person continues to have insomnia, medications, including benzodiazepines, may be prescribed.