Most patients with psychotic disorders are treated as outpatients. However, people with particularly severe symptoms, those in danger of hurting themselves or others, or those unable to care for themselves because of their illness may require hospitalization to stabilize their condition.
- The treatment of psychosis often depends on what associated diagnosis is thought to be present. However, the first line treatment for psychotic symptoms is usually antipsychotic medication, and in some cases hospitalisation.
- There is growing evidence that cognitive behavior therapy and family therapy can be effective in managing psychotic symptoms. When other treatments for psychosis are ineffective, electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes utilized to relieve the underlying symptoms of psychosis, such as depression or schizophrenia. There is also increasing research suggesting that Animal-Assisted Therapy can contribute to the improvement in general well-being of schizophrenia patients.
- Most psychotic disorders are treated with a combination of medications and psychotherapy,
- Medication : The main medications used to treat psychotic disorders are called antipsychotics. These medicines do not cure the illnesses, but are very effective in managing the most troubling symptoms of psychotic disorders, such as delusions, hallucinations and thinking problems. Antipsychotics include older medications such as Haldol, Thorazine and Mellaril and newer medications such as Clozaril, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Seroquel and Geodon. The newer medications -- sometimes referred to as atypical antipsychotics -- are considered first-line treatments because they have fewer and more tolerable side effects.
- Psychotherapy: Various types of psychotherapy, including individual, group and family therapy, may be used to help support the person with a psychotic disorder.