Treatment focuses on controlling the symptoms, minimizing complications, and slowing the progression of the disease.

  1. Associated diseases that cause or result from chronic kidney failure must be controlled. High blood pressure, congestive heart failure, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, obstructions of the urinary tract, glomerulonephritis, and other disorders should be treated as appropriate.
  2. Blood transfusions or medications such as iron and erythropoietin supplements may be needed to control anemia.
  3. Fluid intake may be restricted, often to an amount equal to the volume of urine produced. Dietary protein restriction may slow the build-up of wastes in the bloodstream and control associated symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Salt, potassium, phosphorus, and other electrolytes may be restricted.
  4. Dialysis or kidney transplant may be required eventually.