Rheumatic fever is treated with bed rest, painkillers and anti-inflammatories such as aspirin and steroid drugs. Antibiotics are used to destroy any streptococci present.
- Bed rest is important to reduce the risk of heart damage.
- Children who have had rheumatic fever can be protected from further damage by taking penicillin until they are about 20 years of age.
- Tranquilliser drugs and sedatives help to ease the symptoms of sydenham's chorea.
- Heart valve replacement may be necessary if the heart damage has caused valve failure.
- The management of acute rheumatic fever is geared towards the reduction of inflammation with anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or corticosteroids. Individuals with positive cultures for strep throat should also be treated with antibiotics.
- Another important cornerstone in treating rheumatic fever includes the continuous use of low dose antibiotics (such as penicillin, sulfadiazine, or erythromycin) to prevent recurrence.