Rheumatic fever is treated with bed rest, painkillers and anti-inflammatories such as aspirin and steroid drugs. Antibiotics are used to destroy any streptococci present.

  1. Bed rest is important to reduce the risk of heart damage.
  2. Children who have had rheumatic fever can be protected from further damage by taking penicillin until they are about 20 years of age.
  3. Tranquilliser drugs and sedatives help to ease the symptoms of sydenham's chorea.
  4. Heart valve replacement may be necessary if the heart damage has caused valve failure.
  5. The management of acute rheumatic fever is geared towards the reduction of inflammation with anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or corticosteroids. Individuals with positive cultures for strep throat should also be treated with antibiotics.
  6. Another important cornerstone in treating rheumatic fever includes the continuous use of low dose antibiotics (such as penicillin, sulfadiazine, or erythromycin) to prevent recurrence.