Even though Salmonella food poisoning is a bacterial infection, most practitioners do not treat simple cases with antibiotics.

  1. Chloramphenicol is the antibiotic used to treat Salmonella poisoning.
  2. Ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfonamide have been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by chloramphenicol-resistant strains.
  3. Newer types of anibiotics, such as cephalosporin or quinolone, are also effective.
  4. These drugs can be given by mouth or through a needle in the vein (intravenously) for very ill patients.