Treatment of seasonal affective disorder can be done by Light therapy, Medication and Psychotheraphy.

  1. Light therapy: This is the main treatment for many people with winter depression. In light therapy, you sit a few feet from a
  2. special lamp that's 10 to 20 times brighter than are ordinary indoor lights for 30 or more minutes each day, usually in the
  3. morning. You can do other activities, such as reading or eating breakfast, while sitting in front of the light.
  4. Light therapy is easy to administer and has relatively few side effects. Nearly 70 percent of people experience a reduction
  5. of their symptoms from daily light therapy, and about 50 percent experience remission while undergoing light therapy. Light
  6. therapy needs to be done daily until springtime, when the sun shines for a longer period during the day. Lights from tanning
  7. beds can't be used for light therapy, because tanning beds use potentially damaging ultraviolet light.
  8. Medication: Your doctor may prescribe an antidepressant medication in combination with light therapy, or as an alternative,
  9. if light therapy isn't working. About 70 percent of people taking antidepressants have decreased symptoms, and about half
  10. experience remission while taking medication. Summer depression may also be treated with antidepressants.
  11. Examples of antidepressants include paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem) and venlafaxine
  12. (Effexor).
  13. The duration of treatment with medications varies. On the basis of your history of SAD, your doctor may suggest you start
  14. medication before the time your signs and symptoms usually develop and continue the medication beyond the time the signs and
  15. symptoms usually abate. This may be from the middle of fall to the middle of spring. If you have a double depression, in
  16. which an underlying depression is complicated during the winter by SAD, your doctor may prescribe treatment with medication
  17. for a longer period.
  18. Psychotherapy helps you identify and modify negative thoughts and behaviors that may play a role in bringing about signs and
  19. symptoms of seasonal affective disorder. You and your psychiatrist or psychologist may also talk about ways to reduce stress
  20. in your life.