Parents are a crucial part of the treatment process for separation anxiety disorder, beginning with self-education about the illness.
- Treatment involve one or more forms of psychotherapy.. Therapies used in treating separation anxiety disorder, often employed in combination with each other, include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy, in which the therapist teaches the child to challenge negative thoughts, develop new, positive thoughts, and practice alternative behaviors.
- Family therapy can help parents to manage their child's illness and learn effective parenting skills, while helping siblings to address the reality that one child’s problem affects everyone else in the family. It also helps create a sense of teamwork among family members to replace fault-finding and blaming behaviors.
- Play therapy uses toys, puppets, games, and art materials to help the child express feelings, and bibliotherapy uses books and stories to model healthy separation behavior.