The goals of treatment are to treat any injuries due to the behavior and to ensure the child's safety, as well as to improve the child's ability to function.

  1. The most common treatment approaches used for children with this condition are therapies aimed at reducing stress that may trigger the movements and changing behaviors.
  2. A child who engages in picking at the skin or hitting may be taught to keep his hands in his pockets when he feels the urge to pick or hit.
  3. Relaxation techniques also may be used to help the child resist the urges.
  4. In some cases, antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft and Luvox (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), or Anafranil (a tricyclic antidepressant) may be helpful.