The goals of treatment are to treat any injuries due to the behavior and to ensure the child's safety, as well as to improve the child's ability to function.
- The most common treatment approaches used for children with this condition are therapies aimed at reducing stress that may trigger the movements and changing behaviors.
- A child who engages in picking at the skin or hitting may be taught to keep his hands in his pockets when he feels the urge to pick or hit.
- Relaxation techniques also may be used to help the child resist the urges.
- In some cases, antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft and Luvox (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), or Anafranil (a tricyclic antidepressant) may be helpful.