July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. if you are from the United States, set off some fireworks because it is also Independence Day.

  1. 1054 - A supernova is observed by the Chinese, the Arabs and possibly Amerindians near the star ? Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.
  2. 1712 - 11 slaves are executed in New York for starting an uprising that killed 9 whites
  3. 1802 - At West Point, New York the United States Military Academy opens.
  4. 1803 - The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
  5. 1817 - At Rome, New York, United States, construction on the Erie Canal begins.
  6. 1855 - In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems titled Leaves of Grass is published.
  7. 1862 - Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels.
  8. 1865 - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is published.
  9. 1881 - In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
  10. 1910 - African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match sparking race riots across the United States.
  11. 1934 - Joe Louis wins his first professional boxing match.
  12. 1934 - Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
  13. 1939 - Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, tells a crowd at Yankee Stadium that he considered himself "The luckiest man on the face of the earth" as he announces his retirement from major league baseball.
  14. 1941 - Mass murder of Polish scientists and writers, committed by Nazi Germans in captured Polish city of Lwów.
  15. 1950 - First broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
  16. 1954 - "The miracle of Bern", Germany wins the FIFA World Cup in Switzerland against Hungary.
  17. 1959 - With the admission of Alaska as the 49th U.S. state earlier in the year, the 49-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  18. 1960 - Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania almost ten and a half months later (see Flag Act).
  19. 1966 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act goes into effect the next year.
  20. 1827 - Slavery is abolished in New York State.
  21. 1970 - Popular syndicated radio show, "American Top 40", hosted by "Casey Kasem, debuts.
  22. 1976 - Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.
  23. 1997 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
  24. 1999 - David Beckham marries Victoria Adams in Ireland
  25. 2004 - The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks)
  26. 2005 - The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
  27. 2006 - North Korea tests four short-range missiles one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The latter reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.
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