October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. Today is also Halloween so grab a costume and go trick-or-treating!

  1. 475 - Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  2. 1517 - Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
  3. 1864 - Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
  4. 1876 - A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
  5. 1892 - Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
  6. 1912 - The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film.
  7. 1917 - World War I: Battle of Beersheba - "last successful cavalry charge in history"
  8. 1923 - 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins.
  9. 1926 - Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
  10. 1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain ends - The United Kingdom prevents Germany from invading Great Britain.
  11. 1941 - After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore.
  12. 1941 - American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
  13. 1950 - Pope Pius XII witnesses the "Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican[2]
  14. 1961 - In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from Lenin's Tomb.
  15. 1963 - Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion in Indianapolis kills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
  16. 1997 - 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
  17. 1998 - Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  18. 1999 - EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  19. 2000 - A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and 4 crew members
  20. 2002 - A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas formally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  21. 2005 - President George W. Bush nominates Appeals court judge Samuel Alito to join the Supreme Court of the United States.
  22. 2006 - Bob Barker, veteran game show host, announces his planned retirement at the end of the 35th season of The Price is Right, around June 2007.
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