The following is a list of notable world figures who died on May 1st.

  1. 408 - Arcadius, Roman emperor
  2. 1118 - Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
  3. 1308 - Albert I of Habsburg (murdered) (b. 1255)
  4. 1555 - Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
  5. 1572 - Pope Pius V (b. 1504)
  6. 1731 - Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)
  7. 1738 - Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
  8. 1772 - Gottfried Achenwall, German statistician (b. 1719)
  9. 1813 - Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  10. 1873 - David Livingstone, Scottish missionary (b. 1813)
  11. 1899 - Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)
  12. 1904 - Antonín Dvorák, Czech composer (b. 1841)
  13. 1935 - Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (b. 1889)
  14. 1937 - Snitz Edwards, American actor (b. 1868)
  15. 1943 - Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian Christian leader and founder of Smith's Friends (b.1871)
  16. 1945 - Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda (suicide) (b. 1897)
  17. 1965 - Spike Jones, American band leader, musician, and comedian (b. 1911)
  18. 1968 - Harold Nicolson, British diplomat, author and politician (b. 1886)
  19. 1970 - Yi Un, Crown Prince Korea (b. 1897)
  20. 1976 - Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet (b. 1939)
  21. 1976 - T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
  22. 1978 - Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (b. 1903)
  23. 1982 - William Primrose, Scottish violist (b. 1903)
  24. 1989 - Sally Kirkland, fashion editor at LIFE (b. 1912)
  25. 1989 - Douglass Watson, American actor (b. 1921)
  26. 1993 - Pierre Bérégovoy, French Prime Minister (suicide) (b. 1925)
  27. 1993 - Ranasinghe Premadasa, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1924)
  28. 1994 - Ayrton Senna, Brazilian three-time Formula One champion (b. 1960)
  29. 1998 - Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)
  30. 2000 - Steve Reeves, American actor (b. 1926)
  31. 2003 - Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler (b. 1960)
  32. 2006 - Big Hawk, American rapper (b.1969)