The following is a list of notable world figures who died on May 23rd.

  1. 1125 - Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1081)
  2. 1304 - Jehan de Lescurel, French poet and composer
  3. 1498 - Girolamo Savonarola, Italian religious reformer and ruler of Florence (b. 1452)
  4. 1523 - Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (b. 1466)
  5. 1524 - Ismail I, Shah of Persia (b. 1487)
  6. 1662 - John Gauden, English bishop and writer (b. 1605)
  7. 1670 - Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1610)
  8. 1691 - Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
  9. 1701 - Captain Kidd, Scottish pirate (b. 1645)
  10. 1752 - William Bradford, British-born printer (b. 1663)
  11. 1754 - John Wood, the Elder, English architect (b. 1704)
  12. 1783 - James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (b. 1725)
  13. 1786 - Móric Benovský, Slovak explorer
  14. 1813 - Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
  15. 1825 - Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
  16. 1841 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1765)
  17. 1846 - Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
  18. 1855 - Charles Robert Malden, English explorer (b. 1797)
  19. 1857 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician {b. 1789)
  20. 1868 - Kit Carson, American trapper, scout, and Indian agent (b. 1809)
  21. 1886 - Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)
  22. 1893 - Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (b. 1805)
  23. 1895 - Franz Ernst Neumann, German mineralogist and physicist (b. 1798)
  24. 1906 - Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian writer (b. 1828)
  25. 1908 - François Coppée, French poet and novelist (b. 1842)
  26. 1920 - Svetozar Boroevic, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
  27. 1934 - Clyde Barrow, American outlaw (b. 1909)
  28. 1934 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (b. 1910)
  29. 1937 - John D. Rockefeller, American entrepreneur (b. 1839)
  30. 1945 - Heinrich Himmler, Nazi official (b. 1900)
  31. 1965 - Earl Webb, baseball player (b. 1897)
  32. 1966 - Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (b. 1902)
  33. 1967 - Lionel Groulx, French Canadian priest and historian (b. 1878)
  34. 1975 - Moms Mabley, American comedian (b. 1894)
  35. 1981 - George Jessel, American actor (b. 1898)
  36. 1981 - David Lewis (politician), Canadian labour lawyer and politician (b. 1909)
  37. 1981 - Gene Green, baseball player (b. 1933)
  38. 1986 - Sterling Hayden, American actor (b. 1916)
  39. 1989 - Georgy Tovstonogov, Russian theatre director (b. 1915)
  40. 1991 - Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist and composer (b. 1895)
  41. 1992 - Giovanni Falcone, Italian judge (b. 1939)
  42. 1994 - Ray Candy, Professional wrestler (b. 1951)
  43. 1999 - Owen Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1965)
  44. 2002 - Sam Snead, American golfer (b. 1912)
  45. 2003 - Jean Yanne, French actor and director (b. 1933)
  46. 2006 - Lloyd Bentsen, American politician (b. 1921)
  47. 2006 - Kazimierz Górski, Polish footballer (b. 1921)
  48. 2006 - Frits Bernard, American activist (b. 1920)
  49. 2006 - Clifford Antone, American businessman (b. 1949)